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Paediatric Dentistry (Pedodontics)

Pedodontics is a speciality that aims to protect the dental health of children aged 0-13 years.
Pediatric Dentistry is a speciality that aims to protect the health of the milk and permanent teeth of children aged 0-13 years and to eliminate dental problems caused by tooth decay, trauma and genetics. After completing 5 years of undergraduate education in dentistry, paediatric dentists (Pedodontist) who have completed a speciality programme in paediatric oral and dental health perform all kinds of preventive and therapeutic treatment and protective applications according to the oral dental health needs of infants, children and young people.
Milk teeth start to appear in the mouth approximately 6 months after birth and their completion takes 2.5 -3 years of age. Milk teeth, which have a total number of 20, have the functions of speech, aesthetics and holding a place for the permanent teeth to follow, as well as feeding the child. If there is a discomfort in the deciduous teeth due to these functions, they should be treated as in permanent teeth. Decayed deciduous teeth can cause pain during feeding and cause malnutrition in the child, as well as result in the loss of the tooth at an early age. If the deciduous tooth is extracted, unfortunately, the protective function for the permanent tooth will be eliminated. In addition, missing teeth can cause psychological disorders and lack of self-confidence by creating a feeling of ugly appearance in children. Considering their role in the acquisition of speech skills, the importance of taking care of the care of milk teeth is even more clearly understood.
Milk dentition remains unchanged until the age of 6-7. At the age of 7, the first molars and incisors in the anterior region change behind all milk teeth. Until the age of 12, both milk and permanent teeth are present in the oral environment. At this age, the issue that parents should pay attention to is the protection of the permanent teeth that are erupting. The paediatric dentist will take precautions to prevent these caries from occurring rather than treating the caries that have formed in the teeth. Especially with the applications to be made after the permanent teeth erupt, the teeth that should remain in our mouth for a lifetime are protected. At the same time, it should not be forgotten that the treatment of newly erupted permanent teeth can be separated from mature permanent teeth and this subject may require expertise. For this reason, in order for the teeth to remain healthy and functional in children, precautions should be taken before the problems start and should be supported by regular dentist controls.

What does a paediatric dentist do?

o o By making dental treatment enjoyable for children; ensuring that children do not develop fear of dentists (dental phobia),
o Providing oral and dental care and nutrition recommendations to parents and their children,
o Determining the caries risk group of the child and determining individual protective programmes,
o Organising protective applications that can be applied before tooth decay occurs (Fissure Sealant, Fluorine Applications),
o Restorative and endodontic treatment of deciduous and young permanent teeth (fillings, root canal treatments),
o Extraction of deciduous teeth and, if necessary, construction of placeholder and child prosthesis.
o Removal of discolouration and plaque on teeth.
o Follow-up and treatment of dental trauma due to a fall or accident.
o Dental treatment of children who require special attention or who cannot adapt to dental treatments under sedation or general anaesthesia under operating room conditions.