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Orthodontic treatment is a speciality of dentistry that includes diagnosis and treatment of dental and jaw disorders. Orthodontic treatment aims to eliminate aesthetic and functional problems of teeth and jaws. Orthodontic treatments are performed by orthodontists who are specialised dentists. Orthodontists are specialised physicians who have completed orthodontic education after completing 5 years of dentistry education and at least 4 more years of education.

At what age should orthodontic treatment be started?

First of all, there is no age at which orthodontic treatment cannot be applied. Individuals of any age who will fulfil the requirements of orthodontic treatment can receive orthodontic treatment. The most important issue that determines the effect of age on orthodontic treatment is the type of treatment the patient needs. In general, orthodontic treatments can be divided into 2 main headings as "treatments that affect only the teeth" and "treatments that affect both teeth and jaw structure". The importance of age in orthodontic treatment comes to the fore in treatments affecting both teeth and jaw structure. In patients whose growth development continues, changes can also be made in the jaws by directing this growth effect. For example, in a patient whose growth development continues and who has lower jaw retardation, the growth of the lower jaw can be increased with appropriate devices and a balanced facial appearance can be provided. In adults whose growth development is completed, jaw changes can only be achieved by jaw surgeries called orthognathic surgery. Therefore, the time of the first orthodontic examination is very important. The individual should be examined by an orthodontist after the age of six and the patient's parents should be informed in order to detect a jaw problem that is seen or may be seen in the future and to eliminate the problem with easier applications in the early period. If the main complaint of an individual is tooth crookedness, crowding, gaps between teeth, etc., individuals of all ages can easily receive orthodontic treatment and have the healthy and aesthetic smile they want.
If the main complaint of an individual is tooth crookedness, crowding, gaps between teeth, etc., individuals of all ages can easily receive orthodontic treatment and have the healthy and aesthetic smile they want.

In which cases orthodontic treatment cannot be performed?

The most important factor for the applicability of orthodontic treatment is patient compliance and oral hygiene. Each individual who complies with the eating / drinking and oral care procedures to be followed during orthodontic treatment, does not interrupt periodic checks, regularly wears / uses the devices planned by the orthodontist in the treatment can receive orthodontic treatment.

Do you feel pain during orthodontic treatment?

We can evaluate the pain in orthodontic treatment under two main headings as "during the session" and "after the session". In orthodontic treatment sessions, pain is not felt in any way except in certain special cases and patient comfort is high. Therefore, there is no need for anaesthesia in orthodontic treatment sessions. Although the pain in orthodontic treatment varies from person to person, it is felt within a period of 2-3 days following the first treatment session. This pain disappears after about 1 week and the treatment continues painlessly. Considering that orthodontic treatment is a long-term treatment, there may be periodic and temporary pain according to the new forces applied. However, since these are short-term and non-severe, they can be easily tolerated by the patient.

I don't like the appearance of braces, can I have orthodontic treatment without the appearance of braces?

Aesthetic orthodontic treatment alternatives without the classical appearance of braces can be grouped under 3 main headings. These are:
1-) Orthodontic treatment with transparent (ceramic, porcelain) braces instead of metal braces
2-) Lingual orthodontic treatment with braces applied from the inner side of the teeth
3-) Orthodontic treatment with transparent aligners (invisalign) instead of braces
All these treatment methods have their advantages and disadvantages compared to each other. Considering that orthodontic treatment is often performed for aesthetic reasons, a careful orthodontic treatment should proceed in an interactive process with a close patient/physician relationship. When it comes to treatment alternatives, the orthodontist's primary task is to carefully listen and understand the patient's expectations during the detailed initial examination of the patient, and to inform the patient about the current condition of the teeth and the technical details between the treatment alternatives. The treatment method to be selected at the end of the patient and physician communication should meet the patient's expectations and be an efficient method for the planned treatment.